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Trachoma

    It is the most common cause of blindness among children particularly who live in slums and unhygienic places. This diseases is caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS bacteria.

    Diagnosis:

    It is diagnosed if any two of the following are present.
    1. Follicles on the upper eyelid.
    2. Limbal follicles, Herbertsí pits.
    3. Conjuntival scarring.
    4. Blood vessels growing in the cornea.

    Mode of spread:

    1. Infection spread from the affected children eye secretions .
    2. Application of Kajal \ Surma.

    Treatment:

    1. Application of Antibiotic eye-ointment at least five days in a month.
                Eg: 1% Tetracycline, Erythromycin, Rifamicin.

    Prevention:

    1. Identify groups where Trachoma is prevalent.
    2. Improve personal hygiene and the living conditions.
    3. Mass application of Antibiotic eye ointment at least five days in a month.

     

 
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