Urology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males.
Medical professionals specializing in the field of urology are called urologists and are trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with urological disorders.
The organs covered by urology include the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs.
In men, the urinary system overlaps with the reproductive system, and in women the urinary tract opens into the vulva. In both sexes, the urinary and reproductive tracts are close together, and disorders of one often affect the other.
Urology encompasses management of medical problems such as urinary infections, and surgical problems such as the correction of congenital abnormalities, stone disease, voiding problems, etc.