Acute Diarrhoral Diseases
Tape Worm disease is caused by T.Saginata, T.Solium which are present in the contaminated beef or pork meat.
Symptoms: Patient may have mild abdominal pain, loss of weight anaemia and passing small bits of tape worm in the stool. Commonly seen in children and adults living in crowded unhygienic slums and crowded places. Consumption of meat either pork or beaf which is not cooked properly. The meat is not examined and approved by health authorities.
Life Cycle of Tape Worm: The contaminated patient of tape worm keeps on passing proglotids in the stool which contains eggs of tape worm. The stools which are passed in the open ground and conataminating the grass and earth with the eggs of the tape worm are consumed by the cattle or pigs. The eggs pass on in to the bowels of animals and reach the musceles where they form cysts. This meet when consumed uncooked, not properly cooked will contaminate the person. This Tape Worm which grows in the small bowel attaches itself to the bowel wall and keeps on taking its food from the intestinal wall. As the tape worm grows, the end segments which are called proglotids which contain numerous eggs. Due to the consumption of blood the patient becomes anaemic and goes into malnutrition.
Prevention: Examination of animals before and after slaughter by santry inspectors. Avoiding open defacation, supply of protected water.
Diagnosis: Examination of stool for the presence of Tape Worm Eggs
Treatment: Tape Worm is treated by Niclosamide which kills the tape worm followed by saline Anaema to ensure that the entire worm is passed out.
Acute Diarrhoea diseases:
They are the most common group of diseases world wide which cause lot of deaths and debility in developing countries.
Symptoms: Purulent or bloody stool, fever, abdominal cramps above symptoms are caused by toxin of the bacteria or by direct invasion.
Causative organism: E.coli group of bacteria
Diagnosis: Specific diagnosis is not required.
Treatment: Supportive care, replacement of water and salts. NO ANTIBIOTIC.
Prevention: provision of protected water supply. Isolation of infected cases, to avoid person to person spread. Personal hygiene and inception of meat.