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Burns & Sclads

Minor Burns and Scalds

  1. Clean the area gently with clean water.
  2. Submerge the burnt area in cold water.
  3. Do not apply cotton wool directly over the burnt area.
  4. Do not apply any greasy substance.
  5. Give the patient warm drinks.

Extensive Burns

DO’S

  • Keep the patient quiet and reassure him.
  • Wrap him up in a clean cloth.
  • Cover the burnt area with a sterile or clean dressing and bandage. In the case of burns that cover a large part of the body it is sufficient to cover the area with a clean sheet or towel.
  • Keep the patient warm but do not over heat.
  • If the hands are involved, keep them above the level of the victim's heart.
  • Keep burnt feet or legs elevated.
  • Remove quickly from the body anything of constricting nature like rings, bangles, belt and boots.
  • Give him a weak solution of salt and soda (one level teaspoonful of salt and half a level teaspoonful of baking soda to each quart of water, neither hot nor cold) at home and enroute to the hospital. Allow him to sip slowly.
  •  Discontinue the fluid if vomiting occurs
  • Medical care should be sought immediately

DONT’S

  • Do not remove adhering particles of charred clothing.
  • Do not immerse the extensively burnt area or apply ice water over it because cold may intensify the shock reaction. However a cold pack may be applied to the face or hands or feet.
  • Do not open the blisters on the victim's skin.
  • Do not apply ointments, grease, butter or any other homemade remedies over the wound.

BURNS OF EYES

  • These burns should be irrigated thoroughly with water to dilute the agent that has produced the burn.
  •  Medical care should then be sought immediately.

CHEMICAL BURNS

  • Burned  area thoroughly with large quantities of water in order to dilute the chemical and eliminate that which may still be in contact with the skin.
  • Medical care should be sought immediately
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