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Chicken Pox

MODES OF SPREAD


Transmitted from person to person by-------

  • Droplet infection and by droplet nuclei
  • Face-to –face( personal ) contact
  • Fomites doesn’t  play a significant role

  SYMPTOMS

  •  Mild or moderate fever appear suddenly, pain in the back, shivering, general body weakness lasting for 24hrs to 2to 3 days before the rash appears
  • Rash first appears on the trunk more abundantly, then comes on the face arms and legs less abundantly
  • Rash also appears in the mouth
  • Fever does not run high but exacerbates with each fresh crop of eruption
  • First to attract attention is are often the vesicles filled clear fluid
  • Scabbing begins 4 to 7 days after the rash appears
  • medical attention may be required during a chickenpox infection if certain medical conditions develop, including:
    • Fever above 103 degrees Fahrenheit (39.44 degrees Celsius)
    • Seizures
    • Coughing and difficulty breathing
    • Confusion or disorientation
    • Blister rash near the eye
    • Sustained dehydration or vomiting
    • Severe headache
    • Skin infections, including:
    • Blisters leaking yellow or green fluid
    • Additional pain, redness or inflammation in the area around a chickenpox blister

PREVENTION

    • Isolating an infected person from others until the disease is no longer contagious is perhaps the most well-known preventative measures
    • The most effective way to prevent an initial infection to chickenpox is to be vaccinated.
    • Varicella zoster immunoglobulin given with in 72 hrs of exposure has been recommended for prevention
    • Women should not become pregnant for one month after receiving the vaccine. It is safe for women to receive the vaccine after delivering their baby.
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