MODES OF SPREAD
- Spread mainly by droplet infection
- Transmitted directly from infected cutaneous lesions
- Spread by objects (e.g., cups, thermometers, toys, pencils) contaminated by patient nasopharyngeal secretions
SYMPTOMSFever, red sore throat, weakness, and headache due to infection of tonsils.
- The lymph glands in the neck become enlarged and swollen
- The victim has difficulty breathing and cannot talk.
- The breath has an unpleasant, distinct odor
- Nasal discharge and excoriated skin around the nose caused by skin diphtheria
- Toxin forms a thick, grayish white membrane that completely covers the throat
- To prevent diphtheria the every child should should be vaccinated with DPT vaccine at 6, 10, 14 weeks (according to National immunization schedule)
- Immediately take medical care with the appearance of symptoms