Fractures, Dislocation & Sprains
There is always a piece of wood or a stick or some straight, firm object that can be used as an improvised splint and immobilize the fractured area
It is essential that the rescuer be familiar with the use of bandages and splints.
If the broken ends of bones are seen outside the wound must be covered with a clean dressing or if none is available, a clean handkerchief.
A tourniquet should be applied temporarily if there is bleeding from fractured site
A tourniquet should be released every twenty minutes for a few minutes to restore circulation.
Never sit the patient up or bend or move the injured part any more than it's absolutely necessary.
Always move the patient to a hospital in a lying-down position.
Do not move the injured part until the extent of the injury has been determined.
Do not wash the wound or apply antiseptics to the end of the bone if broken ends of bone are shown out
Do not handle the fracture unnecessarily
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