OVER WEIGHT : 10 % more than desirable weight.
IDEAL WEIGHT : In adult males/females.
Formula :- Height in cms – 100 = weight in kgs
Ex :- 165 cm – 100 = 65 kg +5 kgs.
OBESITY : More than 20% of ideal weight.
Body mass index is calculated by weight (Kg) /Height 2 (meters).
NORMAL RANGE : -
- Male up to 30
- Female up to 26.
- BMI more than 30 in males and 26 in females indicates obesity.
PREVALANCE : -
20 % to 40 % of adults and 10 % to 20% in children in developed
Age at any age, common in men between 29-35 years and females between 45-49 years. It is associated with genetics , eating habits , junk food with lot of fats and salt . Pure starch , sweets. Lack of exercises , sedantary life style.
Over eating is associated with stress, depression, anxiety, frustration and loneliness .
Endocrine factor. Hormonal imbalance mal lead to weight gain.
DANGERS OF OBESITY :-
INCREASED MORBIDITY :-
It is a risk factor in DM , HTN , Gall bladder disease , CAD, Osteoarthritis , etc.,
INCREASED MORTALITY :-
Reduced life span due to association with diseases like DM , HTN , CAD etc.,