Cancer is a disease of the cells . It is an abnormal growth of
cells which tend to proliferate in an unconditional way and, in some cases ,to metastatize.
Cancer is also called malignancy. A cancerous growth or tumor is sometimes referred to as a malignantgrowth or malignant tumor. A non -malignant growth or tumor is referred to as benign.Benign tumors are not
cancer. Cancer is not one disease . It is a group of more than 100 different and distinctive diseases. Cancer is not contagious.Cancer can involve any tissue of the body and have many different forms in each body area .Most cancers are named for the type of cell or organ in which they start. If a cancer spreads ( metastasizes) ,the new tumor bears the same name as the original (primary) tumor.Cancer is the Latin word for crab.The ancients used the word to mean a malignancy,doubtless because of the crab-like tenacity a malignant tumor sometimes seems to show in grasping the tissues it invades . Cancer may also be called malignancy,a malignant tumor,or a neoplasm (literally , a new growth).